The Selden Map of China is an early seventeenth-century map of East Asia. It is a depiction of East Asia by a Chinese cartographer, but it is like no other map from the era. The Chinese mapping convention was to place China at the centre, with other locations squashed in around the edges. The Selden Map shows the Middle Kingdom as a large land mass, but the focus of the map is trade in the South China Sea, with the Philippines, Borneo and Vietnam all marked. No other such map from the Ming dynasty exists. In the lecture, Mr Minte discusses where the map came from and why was it might have been made. He also speculates on how it got to Britain and what it tells the world about China, both then and now.
The Map shows a system of navigational routes emanating from a point off Fujian Province and nearby regions, with routes stretching all over South-East Asia. The map, largely unseen and forgotten since the eighteenth century, was rediscovered in 2008 by the historian Robert Batchelor, who recognised the significance of the system of routes depicted on the map. As the earliest surviving Chinese trade map of East Asia, it has been recognised as a world treasure. Scholars studying the map after its rediscovery have put forward competing theories as to its provenance. Generally it is agreed that the map was made sometime after 1605 and before 1625, based on knowledge not held prior to certain dates.
The rediscovery of the Selden Map of in 2008 gave impetus for its conservation, which was led by Mr Minte, which has not only assured the preservation of a unique and priceless map, but also enabled it to be studied by scholars and widely displayed to the public. This includes currently as the centrepiece of the Hong Kong Maritime Museum’s exhibition Mapping Ming China’s Maritime World – The Selden Map and Treasures from the University of Oxford. The map has also been the subject of a number of published articles and books.
In this talk, Mr Minte also discusses the significance of the map in the context of the Bodleian’s 17th-century Chinese collections and other maps of the period. An overview of the map’s conservation and display is presented, emphasising how important discoveries made during its treatment have been key in the understanding of the map and its construction, adding to scholarly research of cartography and map-making at the end of the Ming Dynasty.
Robert Minte studied book and paper conservation at the Bodleian Library, Oxford and book conservation at West Dean College of the Arts. Through his work at the Bodleian, he has specialised in the conservation of East Asian books and art on paper. He also studied Chinese bookbinding and scroll mounting in Hong Kong, has worked on a collaborative project with the National Diet Library, Tokyo, to survey and conserve Japanese collections and participated in the ICCROM Japanese Paper Conservation Conference in Japan. He is now Senior Conservator at the Bodleian, and an accredited member of the Institute of Conservation. He has lectured internationally on conservation of early maps and documents.
Members and their guests are most welcome to attend this event, which is HK$150 for Members and HK$200 for guests and others.